DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/61/S25.071

BIOLOGICAL POTENTIAL OF SOME ROMANIAN TOMATO GENOTYPES CULTIVATED IN GREENHOUSE

M. Doltu, M. Bogoescu, D. Sora
Tuesday 12 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-12-6 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 61, 541-548 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/61/S25.071

ABSTRACT

The tomatoes are widely spread on all globe because the fruits have an important content of carbohydrate (2.9 - 7%), vitamins (A, B, B2, B6, C), salts of important mineral elements (K, P, Fe, Ca, I, Mg) and organic acids (0.5-1.5%). They are considered one of most important vegetable crops. The Romanians have classic options about the vegetable taste; they appreciate tomato with superior organoleptic qualities, the “taste of Romanian tomato”. In Romania, the aim is the propagation and the cultivation of Romanian tomato varieties and hybrids specially designed for to be cultivated in protected spaces because they are adapted to soil and climatic conditions from country and to meet the consumer demands. The objective of this research paper was to determine the biological potential of some Romanian tomatoes cultivated in greenhouse. This research was conducted in the Laboratory of Horticultural Crops in Protected Spaces from the Research and Development Institute for Processing and Marketing of Horticultural Products–Horting Bucharest (RDIPMHP-Horting), Romania. The biological material has consisted from some tomato genotypes (Lycopersiccon esculentum), L26C, L28, L80, L548 and L2000A, from the biological creations patrimony of the Research and Development Station for Vegetable Growing Buzău (RDSVG Buzău), Romania. For to achieve this objective, the ecological and technological requirements of the specie were respected. The results were statistically insured by calculating of the variation coefficient (s%). The tomatoes (L26C, L28, L80, L548 and L2000) are recommended for cultivation in conditions of protected space (greenhouse) in the south area of Romania.

Keywords: greenhouse, Lycopersicon esculentum, productive capacity