DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/31/S12.025

DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS FOR THE SANITARY PROTECTION ZONES OF A WATER CATCHMENT

P. Cojocaru, G. Biali
Monday 11 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-04-1 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 31, 199-208 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/31/S12.025

ABSTRACT

The paper presents how to determine the size of the sanitary protection zones and of the hydrogeological protection perimeter related to a water catchments. The water catchment is made of two boreholes for which the lithological profiles and the optimum exploitation parameters are known respectively, the well depth, captured aquifer thickness, hydrostatic level and optimal operating flow. First borehole intercepts a pressurized aquifer and he second borehole intercepts a free level aquifer. Sizing the severe regime sanitary protection zones for borehole one was made using Trofin equation taken into account the exploited flow (Q) the rated transit time in order to protect the water quality supplied by well (t), aquifer effective porosity (ne) and captured aquifer thickness (M). For borehole 2 it was used the Hoffmann – Lillich equation. Hydrogeological protection perimeter size was calculated using the analytical method Wyssling. Follow up the calculations, the hydrogeological protection for borehole 1 will have the upstream catchment distance (DaF1) 307 m, the downstream catchment distance (DvF1) 84 m, the lateral protection distance (DlF1) 265 m. In the case of borehole 2 , the upstream catchment distance (DaF2) 211 m, the downstream catchment distance (DvF2) 127 m, the lateral protection distance (DlF2) 497 m.

Keywords: water, catchment, sanitary protection, borehole, hydrogeological perimeter.