DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/32/S13.045

INVESTIGATION OF THE MOST PREVALENT APHID SPECIES IN PEPPER CROP CULTIVATED IN GREENHOUSES IN KOSOVO

F. Musa, A. Mehmeti, A. Musa
Tuesday 12 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-05-8 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 32, 341-348 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/32/S13.045

ABSTRACT

Different species of plant aphids can be found in greenhouses worldwide, depending on the crop and climatic condition. Aphids may occur in large colonies on new growth, the base of buds, or the undersides of mature leaves. The aphids damage the plants directly by sucking plant sap from the plant tissues and indirectly as a vector of different plant viruses. The aim of this paper was to identify the most abundant aphid species causing damages to pepper cultivated in greenhouses. The two year experiment (2015 and 2016) was set up in greenhouses located in the village Bernice, municipality of Prishtina, while the experiment design was set according to randomized Fisher blocks in three replications. From the total number of aphids recorded, the following percentage belongs to the different aphids: Aphis nasturtii (46.87%), Myzus persicae (31.14%), Aphis gossypii (9.72%), Macrosiphum euphorbiae (6.18%), and other non identified aphids (6.09%). According to the ANOVA there were shown to exist statistical significant differences with regard to the number of aphids species according to the pepper hybrids cultivated in greenhouses.

Keywords: Greenhouses, pepper, aphids, Aphis nasturtii, Myzus persicae

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