DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/32/S13.017

DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL AND LOCAL NORMS FOR CHEMICALS IN THE SOIL USING BIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS

S.I. Kolesnikov, K.Sh. Kazeev, T.V Denisova, T.M. Minkina ,Yu.V. Akimenko
Monday 11 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-05-8 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 32, 125-130 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/32/S13.017

ABSTRACT

The development of regional or local maximum permissible concentration (MPC) for a pollutant in the soil requires the field or laboratory simulation of pollution. The experimental design should include the control (uncontaminated soil with the background concentration of the pollutant) and at least three treatments with different pollutant concentrations in the range between 2 and 10 background values. Experiments are performed in at least three replicates. Soil samples are taken 30 days after contamination. In each soil sample, six biological parameters are determined: total bacterial abundance, Azotobacter abundance, catalase activity, dehydrogenase activity, cellulolytic activity, and radish root length. Analyses are made in at least six replicates. From these biological parameters, the integrated biological index (IBI) of soil is calculated. For this purpose, the value of each parameter in the uncontaminated soil is taken as 100%, and its values in the contaminated soils are expressed as percentages. The mean values of six parameters for the contaminated treatments are determined. The obtained IBI values are expressed in percentages of the background. Then, a regression equation describing the decrease in IBI values as a function of pollutant concentration in the soil is derived. The pollutant concentration corresponding to the IBI decrease by 10% of the control, which indicates a disturbance of the holistic biogeocenotic functions of soil, is calculated from this equation.

Keywords: Environmental Norms, Pollution, Heavy Metals, Oil, Ecological Functions of Soils

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