DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/14/S05.039

PERCEPTION AND PREPAREDNESS OF THE TSUNAMI RISK WITHIN THE BLACK SEA (ROMANIA) COMMUNITIES

A.P. Constantin, I.A Moldovan, F. Lavigne, D. Grancher, R. Partheniu
Monday 11 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-00-3 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 14, 311-318 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/14/S05.039

ABSTRACT

Tsunami is one of the major natural hazards presenting significant flood risk for coastal communities and therefore, increasing the society resilience to this phenomena in exposed areas is very important for minimizing damage and possible destructive effects on the environment in these areas. In the frame of the EC Programme-FP7 ASTARTE project (Assessment, STrategy And Risk reduction for Tsunamis in Europe), we conducted a questionnaire survey among people living, working, or visiting Eforie Nord site. The tsunami questionnaire has been translated in Romanian language, the questions referring to: interviewee’s relation to Eforie Nord site, information about interviewed people, tsunami hazard knowledge/risk perception, evacuation issue, awareness of the existing warning system, information, and communication. The results obtained after the survey confirm that coastal communities from Romania are not resilient to tsunami hazard. Our respondents have mentioned from natural and anthropic types of hazards, the tsunami as third rank in Eforie Nord test site, coming after earthquakes and storms. Whatever the respondent’s status (i.e. local population, or tourists), earthquakes and sea withdrawal are cited as tsunami warning signs by 62% and 60% of the respondents, respectively. Regarding the perception of a future tsunami event in Eforie Nord, 36.3% of the respondents think that the place could be affected by a tsunami and the tsunami wave could reach more than 2-5 meters (heights cited by approx. 14% of respondents) or even more than 5-10 meters (values cited by 15% of interviewed people).

Keywords: earthquake, tsunami hazard, tsunami warning system, resilience