DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/12/S02.119

THE SEISMICS LOADING AND HIS IMPACT ON THE GEOTECHNICAL STRUCTURE

J. Chabronova, J. Ortuta, P. Palocko
Sunday 10 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-99-5 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 12, 937-944 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/12/S02.119

ABSTRACT

International Seismological Centre (ISC, Newbury, UK) annually locates about 30,000 earthquakes that may occur with macro-seismic effects (effects on people, objects, nature and buildings). Catalog of the earthquakes, observed since 1034, contains information’s about more than 650 earthquakes that have macro-seismic effects in the Slovak´s territory.
The strongest earthquake was recorded 28.06.1763 with the epicenter near of Komárno and only in the town itself completely destroyed the seven churches and 279 houses. 63 people were killed and 102 injured.
Surface of the area, where macro-seismic upheavals were recorded, was 87,000 km2, larger than the Slovakia territory of the present day, intervened in the south to Belgrade, southeast to Temešvár and the northwest after Leipzig.
Epicentral´s intensity of earthquake was 8-90 and in this area were appeared cracks in the ground.
In the past decade seismic activity over Slovakia was low. Most probably it is a preparation´s period for stronger earthquakes in the future. But, we haven´t sufficient knowledge’s to estimate, when and where they occur.
Probably the most important practical consequence of the determination of seismic hazard, for some localities, is that the construction engineers have to available values of the seismic hazard´s characteristics, which provide input for calculating the expected seismic loads on building structures.
The tectonic evolution of Slovakia did not stop, therefore is, more than likely, that the similarly strong earthquake definitely come in the future.
The article is devoted to possibilities, how as closely as possible include seismic loads in the calculation and assessment of geotechnical structures.

Keywords: Earthquake, Seismic load, Seismic activity, Seismic wave