DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/12/S02.101

STATE OF THE ART AND PROBLEMS OF INTERACTION BETWENN GROUNDWATER AND MARINE WATERS IN THE NILE DELTA – DISTRICT RASHID, EGYPT

N. Stoyanov, P. Gerginov, E. Tarabees, A. Benderev, S. Dimovski
Sunday 10 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-99-5 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 12, 793-800 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/12/S02.101

ABSTRACT

The studied area is located in the vicinity of Rashid branch, part of the Nile Delta. This region is part of one of the most important aquifers in the world. The review of published information indicates that the existing zone of interaction between groundwater and sea salt water is complicated by the variable lithological composition in vertical and horizontal directions and by the relationship with the River Nile waters. Object of study are the upper parts of the aquifer where favorable conditions for natural salinization of groundwater are present. Geoelectrical models have been prepared, reinterpreting data from past geophysical surveys. They denote the current status of sea water intrusion in the studied area. The presented results are a step towards planning future studies and consequent development of conceptual hydrogeological models.

Keywords: Nile Delta aquifer, Rashid branch, sea water intrusion, electrical resistivity, hydrogeological models.