DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/11/S01.061


A. Baibatsha
Saturday 9 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-98-8 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 11, 479-486 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/11/S01.061


Kazakhstan has a special geological structure, which is not explained in full as from the position of geosyncline paradigm, and from a position of plate-tectonics. A comparison of the actual field geological research record of the paleozoic geological structures with the principles of plume tectonics shows that they are in good agreement. According to geological data, to develop superplume and its formation took place in the Paleozoic, which lasted impulsively with Ordovician to lower Permian. The Influence of this superplume comprehend almost the entire territory of Kazakhstan and the surrounding areas and manifests itself in the form of three concentric ring structures. The boundaries of the ring structures represented are geosuture zones. These zones are well mapped in the form of deep faults, zones extended ultramafic-mafic intrusions along these deep faults, metamorphic transformation of framework rocks. They are confined large deposits of metallic minerals. The area located between the zones geosutur are relatively calm geological structure. In these areas are large sedimentary basins, which are associated with oil, gas, coal and other sedimentary minerals.
Apparently, geosuture zones are conductors of ore-bearing fluids and sources of these mineral deposits, and the sources of metals of these deposits are the mantle materials embedded in the Earth’s crust.s. Present superplume concept of geotectonics and geodynamics of Kazakhstan is the scientific basis of the forecast promising industrial mineral deposit sites.

Keywords: superplume, geosuture, mantle, crust, mineral deposits.

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