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DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB63/S12.086

POLYSPECIFIC INTERACTIONS AND THE PROBLEM OF URBAN WASTELAND ARRANGEMENT - FORMS, OPPORTUNITIES, THREATS

J. Kleszcz
Friday 11 November 2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, SGEM Vienna GREEN Extended Scientific Sessions, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-79-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, 2 - 5 November, 2016, Book 6 Vol. 3, 671-678pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB63/S12.086

ABSTRACT
The process urban wasteland formation is associated with gradual and progressive changes in the city. A departure from programmed zoning becomes a chance to create a new kind of urban utility zoning. The beginning of change can be defined by technological, cultural, industrial, communication progress, which "liberated" large city’ areas or supported them for the inhabitants. A significant reduction of restricted zone area, excluded from use, but also occurring rapidly transformations of socio - political form, which are often the next stage of the industrial revolution resulted in the need to formulate a new development policy of those empty spaces that remain in the place of former functions.
Simultaneously one can observe differences in the modern approach towards animals and the independence of urban man from immediate animal work, but also lack of having daily contact with them in various forms and in humans’ separation from nature and the related cultural, social and health problems. All this causes, that the main future direction of urban development becomes creating a space designed both for humans and animals, the polyspecific areas generating positive interactions in urban settlements between humans and animals - either wild or domesticated. It involves not only the animal - aided architecture, but also design of urban landscape taking the advantage of space availability within the existing city borders and, among others, urban wasteland, brownfields and greenfield adaptation of low expansiveness.
The use of adaptability of the city and its inhabitants to implement new features, service industries, recreation and, what is most important, activating the idea of Jennifer Wolch’s zoopolia, boosting its self-sufficiency in this case may become a response to deteriorating environmental conditions of undeveloped areas and the solution of the problem of urban structures’ disintegration. Simultaneously, it gives the possibility of expanding the audience of architecture not only for people, but consciously - to create space for city animals.

Keywords: polyspecies area, urban wasteland arrangement, animal - aided architecture, town planning, urban greenfields

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB63/S12.086, POLYSPECIFIC INTERACTIONS AND THE PROBLEM OF URBAN WASTELAND ARRANGEMENT - FORMS, OPPORTUNITIES, THREATS

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