DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB63/S08.032

EFFECTS ON THE BEE COLONIES VITALITY IN SLOVAKIA

J. Judova, M. Pajtasova, D. Ondrusova
Friday 11 November 2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, SGEM Vienna GREEN Extended Scientific Sessions, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-79-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, 2 - 5 November, 2016, Book 6 Vol. 3, 247-254pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB63/S08.032

ABSTRACT
The present paper deals with the searching for the primary and secondary effects on the vitality of bee colonies in selected regions of Slovakia. The effects like natural environment as well as anthropogenic activity, in combination with the scanning of the parasite (Varroa destructor) appearance in hives. Microbial analyses by means MALDI-TOF methods were done. Microflora of beehives with the intention of bacterial microflora incoming to bee colony by the Varroa destructor were studied. The various conditions of beekeeping at three locations were described. The impact of climatic conditions, the effect of electromagnetic pollution or poisoning hives. Varroa destructor in order to determine their ektomicrobial communities were obtained from several Slovakia beekeepers. According to MALDI-TOF analyses genus like Staphylococcus, Debaryomyces, Brevundimonas, Bacillus, Microbacterium, Rhizobium Pseudomonas, Pantoea, Lysinibacillus, Escherichia were identified in samples. In area with heavy metals contamination due to the mining and industrial copper processing activities strains like Pantoea agglomerans, Bacillus weihenstephanensis, Pseudomonas brassicacearum were obtained. These strains can result to hive mortality. Very important for bee and hive vitality are commensals strains and the bacterial flora like Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium in bee bodies. Climate changes, electromagnetic emission, shorter period of flowering due to global warming, monocultures lead to instability of seasonal microflora dynamics in honeybee and hive, to changes in behaviour of honey bees, to changes in bee hive-cleaning abilities and also to lower vitality and low resistance of bee colonies to diseases.

Keywords: honey bee, microorganisms, bee colonies vitality, Varroa destructor

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB63/S08.032, EFFECTS ON THE BEE COLONIES VITALITY IN SLOVAKIA

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