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DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB33/S03.062

OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF TREE PLANTATIONS IN LATVIA

L. Sisenis, I. PIlvere, A. Nipers, A. Jansons
Friday 11 November 2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, SGEM Vienna GREEN Extended Scientific Sessions, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-81-0 / ISSN 1314-2704, 2 - 5 November, 2016, Book 3 Vol. 3, 485-492pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB33/S03.062

ABSTRACT

The research aim is to identify minimum forest areas necessary for birch (Betula pendula), common spruce (Picea abies) or hybrid aspen (Populus tremuloides x Populus tremula) plantations to provide the sustainable development of farms in Latvia. Tree plantations are mainly established in areas that are not useful for agricultural production, and the present research has calculated the amount of income to be gained from 1 ha of plantation per rotation cycle if growing each of the mentioned tree species; the calculations took into account the costs of establishing, maintaining and logging a plantation and the revenue to be gained from selling the lumber. The calculations were based on the minimum income level at EUR 10 619 per year per employee, which is equivalent to the average wage in Latvia in 2013 with employer mandatory social insurance contributions added. The research analysed two scenarios: 1) the establishment and maintenance of plantations are done privately by the owner; 2) the establishment and maintenance of plantations are done by the owner by using services provided by a forest cooperative. The research has found that the owner can gain the highest income, EUR 15.3 thou. per ha of spruce plantation, if managing the plantation by means of a cooperative, while the private management of the plantation generates an income of EUR 10.6 thou. Earning the minimum income level requires spruce plantation areas of 27.6 and 40 ha, respectively. If growing birch or hybrid aspen, the minimum plantation area has to be even larger.

Keywords: plantation, minimum income, minimum area

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/HB33/S03.062, OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF TREE PLANTATIONS IN LATVIA

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