DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B32/S14.085

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF FARMS HOLDING PINE STANDS IN LATVIA

L. Sisenis, I. Pilvere, A. Nipers, A. Jansons
Thursday 8 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-62-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book3 Vol. 2, 647-654 pp

ABSTRACT
The research aim is to identify minimum areas necessary for farms holding pine (Pinus sylvestris) stands to provide the sustainable development of farms in forestry in Latvia. The situation in private forests was analysed, and the income level of forest owners (who are at the same time employees as well) was employed as the key indicator, which depends on the tree species and forest type with suitable conditions for growth. Pine is the dominant species of trees in Latvia, as it occupies 996 thou. hectare (ha) or 33% of the total forest area. Twenty nine percent of the total area covered by pine trees belongs to private owners; therefore, it is important to assess an opportunity to earn at least minimum income from economically managing pine stands, which is determined by the forest type and the forestland moisture regime. The calculations were based on the minimum income level at EUR 10 619 per year per employee, which is equivalent to the average gross wage in Latvia in 2013 with employer mandatory social insurance contributions added. The research has found that growing pine trees in the forest type Hylocomiosa is the most efficient way, as 88 ha under private management and 73 ha under the management of a cooperative are necessary to earn one minimum income.

Keywords: pine (Pinus sylvestris), forest type, area, minimum income

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