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THE INFLUENCE OF THE 1989-2009 TRANSITION PERIOD IN THE GEODEMOGRAPHIC EVOLUTION OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS LOCATED IN THE SUBCARPATHIANS BETWEEN PRAHOVA AND IALOMITA RIVERS

AUTHOR/S: R. ALEXE, E. SAMOILA, M. SENCOVICI
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2010

10th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference - SGEM2010, www.sgem.org, SGEM2010 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN 10: 954-91818-1-2, June 20-26, 2010, Vol. 2, 1009-1016 pp

ABSTRACT

One of the oldest geographical regions in Romania, the subcarpathian zone situated
between the Ialomita and Prahova rivers, having important natural resources, has
generated a geodemographical evolution of the human settlements different from other
areas in the country, especially with the help of economical development. Starting from
the 18th century until the second half of the 20th century, accented economical
initiatives are observed. These are related to the exploitation and processing of oil
resources, the expansion of manufacturers and markets, the building of infrastructure
and the appearance of several different new industrial enterprises. All these factors have
determined the population growth.

In the 1989-2008 transition period, the human settlements situated in the studied zone
manifest a slow decrease in population numbers, determined by the reduction of the
birth rate and by the growth in numbers of people that left the area to find better paid
working places, especially outside the country. The most emplasiyed demographical
regress took place in urban areas (from 220.509 people in 1990 to 200.473 people in
2008), expecially in the cities Moreni or Câmpina and less in the western cities, Fieni or
Pucioasa. The population numbers have an acute decreasing ratio in small and isolated
villages that are situated at a considerable distance from other towns and access ways;
larger villages positioned in favorable zones have registred population growth.

In conclusion, the economical transition has imposed different tendencies in the
geodemographical evolution of the studied inhabited regions, in urban and rural spaces,
as well as in each locality itself.

Keywords: human settlements, geodemographic evolution, Subcarpathians, transition period