DBPapers

THE IMPACT OF ECOLOGICAL TOURISM ON LOCAL ECONOMIES, ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE FARMS IN TURKEY

AUTHOR/S: B. B. OZGAN
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2010

10th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference - SGEM2010, www.sgem.org, SGEM2010 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN 10: 954-91818-1-2, June 20-26, 2010, Vol. 2, 1005-1008 pp

ABSTRACT

Tourism sector provides employment to the 7% of workers in the world. It becomes a
very important “export” opportunity in the countries where the level of income is low.
Besides the benefits of tourism activities in local cultures and eco-systems, it also has
irrecoverable negative effects.

However, new opportunities provided by “alternative tourism” change this situation.
Interests to travels having minimum negative effects on current natural and cultural
richness and which are satisfactory in terms of educational and economic, are increasing
gradually.

ECEAT (European Center for Eco Agro Tourism) established as a foundation for the
purpose of supporting the sustainable tourism in 1993, aims to assist to the farmers
struggling in the small areas by bringing the people engaged in agriculture in natural
condition in rural areas into action.

In this study, the farms, camps, guest houses and small hotels
operating in this sector in
Turkey and members of ECEAT have been analyzed. Consequently, it is revealed that
contribution of eco-tourism improving annually at the rate of between 10–50% to both
Turkish economy and local economies is an important income resource in terms of
promotion of our developing country and the economic value it is carrying. Based on
this result, it is proved that tourism sector which has come up as a sector destroying the
nature so far, may become a fundamental mean in the protection of nature when eco
tourism is performed and managed in a good manner.

Keywords: Alternative tourism, Eco-tourism, echology