DBPapers

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR STRUCTURES BEING ERECTED NEAR MINERAL SPRINGS

AUTHOR/S: N. ZHECHEV
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2010

10th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference - SGEM2010, www.sgem.org, SGEM2010 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN 10: 954-91818-1-2, June 20-26, 2010, Vol. 2, 803-808 pp

ABSTRACT

The mineral springs are deep but they cause spills near to the ground surface. In ancient
times, buildings have been erected at the level of the spills, and water has been used for
heating.

Nowadays, the ground surface is some 12 m over the mineral water spills. The
structures of the new metropolitan railway are 15-20 m under the ground surface which
means that they have to pass through Pliocene clays soften by the mineral water. These
specific geological conditions require a specific approach of underground construction.

Troubles with the mineral water spills arise both for the metropolitan railway, and for
the tower-shaped structures founded at the surface.

The paper is aimed to summarize the problems and trends in the design and the
execution of structures located in the vicinity of mineral springs. The problems are
considered in relation to already built structures designed by the author.