DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2010.14.20.S1.856

PROTECTION OF REPRESENTATIVE LANDSCAPE ECOSYSTEM OF SLOVAKIA – NEW LANDSCAPE ECOLOGICAL APPROACH

AUTHOR/S: J. LIESKOVSKY, P. BEZAK, Z. IZAKOVICKOVA
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2010

10th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference - SGEM2010, www.sgem.org, SGEM2010 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN 10: 954-91818-1-2, June 20-26, 2010, Vol. 2, 717-724 pp

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper is to analyze the protection of Representative Landscape
Ecosystem of Slovakia (RLES) on national, European, and global level. RLES
(landscape types) are classified as homogeneous units considering landscape character,
functions and current land-use. Each landscape type represents unique combination of
land-use in different abiotic conditions and provides the unique environment for nature
development. Therefore protection of the landscape is understood as maintenance of
each landscape type. National level of nature protection in Slovakia is reflected in
designated areas of 2nd – 5th degree of protection. Total area of protected areas is 11 438
km2, which represents 23,29 % of Slovakia. Protection status prevails mostly at
extensively used mountainous and alpine landscape types, poor protection is declared in
lowland agriculture landscape types. European protection status in Slovakia is
recognised by designation of NATURA 2000 network. The network consists of the
Special Protection Areas (11 895 km2; 24,26 % of Slovakia) and the Sites of
Community importance (5 712 km2; 11,65 %). The Natura 2000 protection sites are
distributed more equally across the landscape types, though majority of them are
extensively used mountain areas too. Besides, 4 biosphere reserves of the UNESCO
Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme were declared in Slovakia (2473 km2; 5,04 %)
and also 14 Ramsar wetland sites (385 km2, 0,78 %). Globally, the most valuable
landscape types of Slovakia in the context of nature protection are considered subalpine
and alpine landscapes on giant highlands relief, and the landcover types on karst
plateaus. The basic principle of modern nature protection aims at preserving a maximal
possible diversity of the living systems, upon assumption to preserve the maximum
possible diversity of the conditions of their life. Considering that point of view and
results of our research, improvement must be focused on the protection of landscape
types of minimal or zero ratio of protection. Our assessment shows that these are mostly
urban landscapes, less protected vineyard landscape types, partly agricultural-forest
landscape types, and some mixed and coniferous landscape types.

Keywords: Landscape protection, landscape types, nature protection, Natura 2000