DBPapers

GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES OF GEORGIA: PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVES

AUTHOR/S: M. ELIZBARASHVILI, K. LATARIA, O. VARDIGORELI, N. NASKIDASHVILI, R. MAISURADZE
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2010

10th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference - SGEM2010, www.sgem.org, SGEM2010 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN 10: 954-91818-1-2, June 20-26, 2010, Vol. 2, 319-322 pp

ABSTRACT

As traditional organic fuel resources are being depleted in the modern world, energy
crisis and environmental situation aggravate and the attention of the mankind is
increasingly drawn towards untraditional, renewable sources of energy and
opportunities of their efficient use.
Georgia has significant geothermal resources concentrated in numerous thermal springs
and basins. There are two main basins of thermal waters in Georgia. The water in the
Kolkheti basin is distinguished for its low mineralization, it is overheated (103-1050)
and characterized with high static pressure (13-17 atm). In eastern Georgia, the thermal
waters are heated up to 650, have high compositions of sulphur and methane. The first
group of waters can be used for the production of electricity, supply of hot water and
heating whereas the second group of waters in balneology and for heating. It is also
worth noting that the majority of wells existing in Georgia territory are open and water
flows without being used. On the other hand, the population in the villages uses
primarily organic fuel for heating and cooking purposes, which results in the
contamination of the environment by various exhaust gases, deterioration of living
conditions, depletion of forest cover and all this eventually leads to the increase in CO2
concentration in the atmosphere and climate change. In this Article we consider all
problems and perspectives of usage of geothermal resources in Georgia.

Keywords: Geothermal resources, Climate, change, Organic fuel