DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B11/S02.129

THE MINE AS „AN INFLUATOR” IN EVALUATION OF GROUNDWATER VULNERABILITY TO POLLUTION IN THE MINING AREAS – POLAND

P. Bukowski, E. Krogulec, A.Haladus
Tuesday 6 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-55-1 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book1 Vol. 1, 1021-1028pp

ABSTRACT
The mining activity in varying degree affects the conditions of occurrence and flow of the groundwater, and consequently influences the groundwater vulnerability to pollutions (GVP). Due to significant changes caused by the mining activity in the environment of the groundwater (groundwater system), the assessment of the GVP is often carried out with the use of especially created and dedicated evaluation systems or with the use of the improved traditional methods (e.g. DRASTIC, SINTACS, PI and others). In the article an attempt is made to define the terms for the purpose of putting in order the approaches to the GVP in the mining areas [5][6][7][10]. With regard to the complexity of processes generating a variety of influences associated with the mining operations, the underground mine cannot be treated as a standard source of water pollutions. It is being proposed to treat it (in the extent of influences) as the so-called source of various types of influences, of different spread and varying intensity of impact - the so-called “INFLUATOR”. It also concerns the origin of changes and intensification of migration processes of the pollutants associated with the occurrence of typical sources of the groundwater contamination, in the extent of the mining industry influence. Hence the areas remaining under or beyond the influence of mining (genotypes of impacts) are proposed to be treated in a different way regarding the genesis and occurrence or not, of the changes in factors determining the result of the GVP assessment.

Keywords: groundwater vulnerability to pollution, source of groundwater pollution, influence of mining, Upper Silesian Coal Basin.