DBPapers

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF SOME MINING BASED INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES

AUTHOR/S: I. TULBURE, M. PALAMARIU
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2010

10th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference - SGEM2010, www.sgem.org, SGEM2010 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN 10: 954-91818-1-2, June 20-26, 2010, Vol. 2, 237-244 pp

ABSTRACT

Industrial activities have the direct goal to help increasing the quality of life of the
population. Beside positive direct and desired effects of industrial activities these have
also negative, undesired and sometimes unthinkable effects on the environment and
society. Especially mining based industrial activities have several unwanted impacts on
environment, but not only on environment.

With the goal of assuring the sustainable development of our human society it is
therefore necessary to evaluate industrial processes or generally economic activities not
only from economic and technological points of view but from environmental and
social ones as well,

In the last years the new discipline called Technology Assessment grew up. It started in
the United States and then became well known in the Western Europe as well. The
discipline bases on several instruments and methods to carry out technology assessment
studies. From the universe of known methods and instruments there are some used to
carry out environmental assessment of industrial activities. Presently the most discussed
one on international level is the life cycle assessment (LCA).

In the present paper general notions regarding environmental assessment will be
presented, as well as application examples from the industrial practice. The idea is to
take into consideration possible negative impacts on the environment because of several
mining based industrial activities.

Keywords: Technology Assessment, Environmental Impacts of Industrial Activities, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Sustainable Development