DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2015/B62/S27.075


M. Grbic
Friday 2 October 2015 by Libadmin2015

References: 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2015, www.sgem.org, SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-43-8 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 18-24, 2015, Book6 Vol. 2, 575-582 pp

The intent of the article is to highlight the fact that Roma micro-environments contain as part of their context certain social and cultural premises, embodied in spatial forms and informal settlement construction manners that all together have direct potential in reducing additional financing for the advancement of housing for socially endangered Romani in Serbia. Shedding a positive light on the economic principles of sustainable building in terms of social cohesion makes way for a positive attitude of the general public towards that crucial process.
Methodologically, the article begins with the idea that the informal Roma settlements were built by the Romani, without an explicit professional influence. Hence, the physical entities and the construction techniques in the settlements are the objects of research on knowledge and skills of a community in which the individuals are connected horizontally and hierarchically and can thus achieve positive relations inevitable for such realization. In that manner, it is possible to systematize inside a settlement a base of characters of physical structure as completed individual and group knowledge and potentials for further, acceptable advancements in that area of construction.
The article will show research results from a case study conducted on representative types of spatial organizations of informal Roma settlements.
The contribution of the article is primarily in drawing the attention to very concrete resources of the Roma community which should, with a gradual increase of capacities, be taken into account during the realization of the projects themselves and during the organized self-build and self-help processes as well as the process of housing condition advancement in the settlements. The use of this research is important for the shaping (operationalization) of innovative strategies which prove that active participation of settlement inhabitants in the building and reconstruction processes significantly reduces costs of the endangered Romani housing condition advancement. In a broader sense, the reduction of cost for the Romani has the potential to reduce a social distance towards them, especially in the Western Balkans where a significant portion of the population faces the same financial limits when it comes to housing advancement.

Keywords: informal Roma settlements, sustainable architecture resource, knowledge and skills, physical structure characteristics, self-build.