DBPapers

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS FROM MINING AND THERMOENERGYTICAL SYSTEM IN KOSOVA

AUTHOR/S: B. BARUTI, B. MUSTAFA, A. VITAKU, N. PECI, H. HAJRA, M. KELMENDI
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2010

10th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference - SGEM2010, www.sgem.org, SGEM2010 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN 10: 954-91818-1-2, June 20-26, 2010, Vol. 1, 423-428 pp

ABSTRACT

Kosova is a country rich in coal, mainly lignite type and regarding to the reserves, it is
ranked in the fifth place in the world. Estimated resources of lignite are average
12.7miliard tones, which are distributed in three main basins (Kosova, Dukagjin and
Drenica). Approximately 50% of entire country natural resources constitutes this type of
coal.

Thermo energetically installed power is 1478 MW , and lignite supply is from open pits,
Mirash and Bardhosh with the use of lignite capacity of 16 million tones per year.
Approximately 97% of power supply is produced by burning lignit provided. Thermo
energy is very important issue in development plans, and that conditions the economic
and industrial development of a country.

This mining and thermo energetically complex represents a source of pollution: soil, air,
surface water and groundwater. Taking into consideration that this system is located at
the Kosova plain, in the cultivable land, then the impact of harmful components in the
environment is even greater and more lasting effect in the food production process, in
micro and macro clime, etc.

Access to pollution analysis and solution options (to minimize problem) for the
environmental problem are the target of this paper.

For an complex pollutant as this system is, a monitoring system of air, soil and water
pollution should be built as soon as possible.

The element for forming defined information system for environmental protection
which will ensure the execution of systematic tracking character timely information on
the environmental situation.

Looking forward for the new solutions, it is strongly recommended formation of the
Geographic System Information (GIS).

Keywords: pollution, environment, impact, thermo energy, lignite