DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B62/S27.083


G. Markovic
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-21-6 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 6, Vol. 2, 645-650 pp

The architectural form of the holy places differs in its essence from the architecture of secular facilities and structures, thus playing a special role in space (rural setting or urban matrix) and time (through historic continuity and in the present). As the venue for researching holy places, the Republic of Serbia confirms the picture of spiritual inseparability of the Balkan Peninsula in the principals of church creations, as well as the belonging of each shrine to the overall church architecture of the Christian Orthodox world. Among the holy places, monasteries are prime representatives of technical and artistic creations in the sphere of architecture and urban planning. In construction terms, a monastery has a significant form consisting of a central building with perimeter facilities and empty space of the churchyard, and the essence of that template has been repeated for centuries in the ground plan of the holy place. The space of a monastery is made special not only by the inseparability of the form and function, but also by that of the built structure and the living community that inhabits it. The rules of the life in a monastery were established more than a millennium ago, which has, through the use of the spaces, also been reflected on the stability of the architectural patterns. Ever since the first centuries of the Christianity the patterns of sanctuary buildings have gotten authentic style forms in relation to the geographic regions and the historic periods of their creation. Sustainability of the form of the holy place has special foundation in comparison to the secular architecture of residential, public and community buildings. Sustainability of a monastery (church, paraclises, dormitories, churchyard and their mutual relation) is based on uniting the values of the spiritual and the material, of what has been and what will be. Each holy place unites space, time and architecture in an authentic manner, while at the same time and inseparably belonging to the unique body of the Christian architecture. In the case of secular architecture, the primary importance lies with the most modern construction technologies, economic cost efficiency of the facility, striving towards prestige in the presentation and aesthetics of the building, strict requirements related to the provision of real energy consumption, etc. Integrative approach to the protection of holy places is preservation of the essential sustainability of
the space and of the architectural identity in continuity.

Keywords: monastery, sustainable architecture, space, time, form, function, continuity, integrative protection.