DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B62/S27.071

IMPACT OF STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS ON DESIGN OF SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES

O. Melcerova, J. Melcer,
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-21-6 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 6, Vol. 2, 549-556 pp

ABSTRACT
During the 40 years of communism, housing construction in the former Czechoslovakia was influenced by very precise planning. Into details developed system of standards and indicators was aimed to create independent and operationally self-sufficient housing estates, expressed by the phrase “complete housing construction”. Together with city development plans, defining the most suitable development areas (without a need to take the private property into account), the former regime possessed (and efficiently used) sufficient tools for planning residential construction in order to predict as well as regulate the growth of towns and villages. After regime has changed in 1989, central planning, including use of standards and indicators, has been rejected as totalitarian limitation of free market. Return of private properties together with increasing social differences between inhabitants has caused massive residential suburbanization, especially around larger towns. During the last 20 years Slovakia repeated the very same mistakes that the western countries did and were fully aware of at the time when the process has started here. New suburban housing is typical by monofunctionality, increased transport demands and agricultural land take which is neither ecological nor economical and far away from worldwide trends promoting sustainability. Current situation points out ineffective planning system that primarily fails to protect public interest. Absence of binding standards and indicators together with missing detailed development plans and appropriate regulations causes that new construction is based on individual interpretation of the land use plan by individual authorities. The result is disproportional growth and random placement of functions in the territory. It is the high time to start serious professional discussion how to change the system in order to ensure design of sustainable communities.

Keywords: residential suburbanization, public buildings, public interest, land use plan, planning system