DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B61/S25.079

THE STIMULATION OF MORPHO-PRODUCTIVE CHARACTERS AT MOMORDICA CHARANTIA L. BY USING BIO-STIMULATORS

H. Lucian, M. Balint, M. Mester, D. Diaconescu, M. Zdremţan
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-20-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 6, Vol. 1, 581-584 pp

ABSTRACT
Momordica charantia L. – the bitter cucumber is a species of tropical origin and which has many therapeutic uses as an important source of active principles with anti-diabetic action. The species is less cultivated and studied in Romania, its acclimatization in the west of the country began in 2001 in the Arad agro-ecological area. The extract obtained from the fruit of Momordica charantia L. and/ or the entire plant showed a remarkable hypoglycaemic action in the treatment of diabetes, the active substance with such properties being "charantin" (a stereo-glicosyde). [1, 2] In the Arad agro-ecological area, the thermal regime is mostly appropriate for the requirements of this species. The influence of the Mediterranean climate favours the growth in very good conditions of most thermophile long day species. Having a poorly developed root system, with rooting depth with a trend of growing towards the soil surface, the studied cultivation area offers optimal development conditions especially on light soils, which are well-structured, rich in humus, with neutral reaction and clay and sand structure. Sandy soils cause early and higher yields due to their lighter heating and accumulation of a number of degrees near optimal conditions required by the species. [3]

Keywords: active principles, anti-diabetes action, area, agro-ecological