DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B61/S25.050

ELITE HYBRID OF PERSPECTIVE FOR TABLE GRAPES OBTAINED IN INCDBH STEFANESTI

C. Necula , C. C. Stirbu, C. Popa
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-20-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 6, Vol. 1, 359-364 pp

ABSTRACT
In order to promote Romanian products on the international market and primarily to
penetrate the European market, it is necessary to achieve superior products in terms of quality with low costs, consistent with international standards to cope with competitive pricing policy. To achieve this goal and solve the problems facing today’s wine practice, breeders channel their efforts towards the fulfillment of benchmarks, such as: the creation of new varieties with high adaptability to climatic conditions of the growing areas in Romania, the complex biological varieties resistant to pests and diseases, and accidents of climate, development of technology for producing virus-free planting material. To achieve this goal and solve the problems facing today’s wine practice, breeders channel their efforts towards the fulfillment of benchmarks, such as: the creation of new varieties with high adaptability to climatic conditions of the growing areas in Romania, the complex biological varieties resistant to pests and diseases, and accidents of climate, development of technology for producing virus-free planting material, etc.Directed hybridization method created numerous varieties, filling the current selection in relation to specific requirements and conditions of culture, achieving both a diverse gene pool with a rich germplasm source.Elite hybrid grapes were created via sexual hybridization in viticultural center Ştefăneşti, that meet the following parameters: 3 future elites were analyzed into improvement fields and which, through outstanding quality traits, will be proposed for inclusion in the Official Catalog of varieties as new varieties for table grapes with different maturation periods. To analyze potential quality, elites were compared with varieties of the same maturing group.

Keywords: improvement, vine, hybrids, qualitative attributes