DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B61/S24.020

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURE TRANSFORMATION OF BEESWAX DURING HEAT TREATMENT

T. Espolov, J. Ukibayev, Y. Ermolaev
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-20-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 6, Vol. 1, 143-150 pp

ABSTRACT
The object of research is the wax as a waste product of bees in the steppe and mountain areas of Almaty region of Kazakhstan. Purpose - to study the structure parameters and the homologous phase composition, morphology waxes of alpine and mountain areas of Kazakhstan and the establishment temperature - dependent patterns of their atomic-crystalline state. Methods: radiography, gas chromatography, scanning electron microscopy and chemical methods of separation of multicomponent systems. The results obtained in the atomic crystal and molecular structures of beeswax depending on the districts collect materials. The technique of obtaining radiographs after dissolving beeswax in benzene, hexane and xylene. Submitted thermo-radiographic study samples obtained. Batch analysis thermo-radiographs waxes after treatment with benzene, hexane and xylene showed that their structure is essentially different from the source and closer to the spectra of the crystallized wax melted and due to annihilation of stacking faults waxes native atoms after their dissolution in hexane, benzene and xylene and subsequent their recrystallization. The results obtained allow to expand the amount of information on the physicochemical processes and structural transformations in beeswax as a composite of different genesis biomaterial. Scope: beekeeping, plant, structural and analytical chemistry, biotechnology and biocomposites.

Keywords: Wax; Composite biomaterial; Radiography; Defect structure