DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B53/S21.055

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AS A SOLUTION FOR AGRICULTURE AND HUMAN SETTLEMENTS COMPETITION IN ILFOV COUNTY

E. Matei, G. Manea, O. Cocos, I. Vijulie, L. Tirla, E. Bogan, A. Tiscovschi
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-19-3 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 3, 415-422 pp

ABSTRACT
Ilfov County, a surrounding space of Bucharest city, represents a fragile area due to the multiple influences of the country’s capital. The aim of this study is to explore how the sustainability can solve the competition for land between agriculture and settlements. Thus, the objectives of the study are focused on the human settlements development after 1990, as well as on the agriculture mutations from state to private property and from conventional to organic farming. Likewise, we computed several indicators for sustainable development evaluation in order to establish its role for this land competition. The applied methods are based on secondary data, statistical calculations and GIS tools. The results show that the settlements adjacent to Bucharest City gained land, while agriculture has been severely diminished. At the same time, at the borders of Ilfov County agriculture has become more organized, despite the territorial dispersion of human settlements. As agricultural products, and especially the organic ones, are highly demanded by Bucharest’s residents, farmers should do their best to turn to bioagriculture. Consequently, sustainability is a must, but the boom of real estate generates many environmental problems, which affect the state of the land. In this respect, the study reveals the necessity of finding measures for solving these conflicts. Thus, the employment of sustainable development policies could definitely bring positive perspectives.

Keywords: agriculture, human settlements, Ilfov County, sustainable development, land competition