DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B53/S21.048

ROLE OF SPATIAL ACCESSIBILITY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PERIPHERAL RURAL AREAS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. CASE STUDY: BOTOSANI COUNTY, ROMANIA

M. Cuciureanu, C. Iatu, M. Eva
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-19-3 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 3, 361-368 pp

ABSTRACT
The study of spatial accessibilities has experienced an accelerated development during the past two decades, enhanced by the computer science development and by the storage of data in georeferenced format. As a result, great varieties of evaluation methods and indicators have emerged, and there have been attempts to determine the importance of the accessibility factor in the complex equation of the development. However, the problem of the spatial accessibility impact on the Romanian rural development is still an open subject, especially considering the fact that previous results have failed to demonstrate the existence of certain universally valid laws that govern the two aspects of the territory, emphasizing instead on the regional or local specificities. This study includes statistical tests on a European Union NUTS3 region, in order to pinpoint the spatial and multi-scalar relationship between the rural development indicators and the spatial accessibility indicators. To what extent does spatial accessibility affect the development of the peripheral rural areas of the EU? How does this relationship manifest on various scales of analysis (on the local, county and regional level)? First, this study will analyze the context elements specific to the county of Botosani. Second, the study will evaluate their accessibility using the GIS-T methods and will select the indicators of development in order to cover all three dimensions of a sustainable rural development: the economic, social, and environmental dimensions. Finally, the study will extract the role of spatial accessibility in the fluctuation of the rural development indices based on the matrix of correlation coefficients.

Keywords: spatial accessibility, rural development, correlation coefficients, Romania, Botosani County.