DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2011/s22.134

THE ECOTOURISM – ELEMENT OF THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LOCAL RURAL COMMUNITIES FROM BUCOVINA (ROMANIA)

AUTHOR/S: D. MATEI, V. CHIRITA
Monday 1 August 2011 by Libadmin2011

11th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2011, www.sgem.org, SGEM2011 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 20-25, 2011, Vol. 3, 1183-1190 pp

ABSTRACT

The local rural communities of Romania have been strongly affected by the historian
evolution in former decades by social- economic system evolution. To these ones, there
have been added a period of almost fifty years of a social system based on centralized
economy and, afterwards, Romanian economy was and is marked by the period of
transition towards the market economy. All of these periods determined a peculiar
social - economic relationship and, in fact, behaviors of the rural inhabitants, as ones
between the ones of the temptations or obligations of leaving for the urban settlings. In
many cases this lead to the phenomenon of uprooting. The last fifteen years there were
villages came back in the centre of many of the politicians`, theorists` and practicians`
preoccupations.

The enlarged Europe also raises problems and question marks in regard to the economic
and social development of the local communities in the Romanian rural environment.
These uncertainties appear in a period in which we are more and more convinced of the
necessity of the sustainable development, of the perpetuation of a responsible economic
development, which would ensure the satisfaction of society’s needs without
endangering future generations. Those presented are accompanied by more and more
accentuated tendency of the civilized world of living in good terms with the
environment, of spending more time in nature, of being closer to all which is clean,
alive and quiet. The number of those that ask for holidays in nature, in the rural
environment is growing all over the globe. Soft tourism, in the countryside or in the
middle of nature is more and more desired by the rich, but stressed people, eager to
return to nature, to the life of the rural communities. All these forms of tourism are
called ecotourism, and their development in Romania is only beginning. These activities
play an important part in the economic development of rural areas, which will further
reflect upon their future evolution.

The paper studies the experience gained by The Bukovina (Bucovina) region, a wellknown
and famous one for its tourism potential and resources, aiming at an
interdisciplinary approach of tourism.

The issue propose for analyze the rule and the impact of tourism upon the protected
areas and on local communities situated in this region, from an economic and social
point of view, by means of the inference of the ecotourism strategy, which was adapted
by the Ministry of Tourism to the Bukovina Region.

Keywords: ecotourism, protected areas, rural communities, project

PAPER 2011/s22.134: THE ECOTOURISM – ELEMENT OF THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LOCAL RURAL COMMUNITIES FROM BUCOVINA (ROMANIA)

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