DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B53/S21.046

REDUCING AIR POLLUTION THROUGH THE TAXATION OF VEHICLES

M. Zhumabayeva, S. Yertayeva
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-19-3 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 3, 347-352 pp

ABSTRACT
Environmental degradation has become one of the most acute problems of Almaty. In town for the first nine months of 2013 air pollution index was 11.2. Studies have shown that there are four main sectors emitting dust, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide: electricity using fossil fuels, manufacturing and mining industries, transport. The presented paper is devoted to analysis of the main reasons for the growth of harmful emissions in the transport sector, as well as the assessment of the consequences of heir impact on the national economy. In this article we analyzed the causes of the bad environment and conducted their evaluation in terms of the correcting opportunities through the regulation of vehicle taxation. The paper includes comparative characteristics of the factors and causes of bad environment in different countries of the world.

Keywords: tax on vehicles, engine capacity, emissions, environment, sustainable
development.