DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B53/S21.027

IDENTIFICATION OF THE VULNERABLE RURAL ZONES BY USING STATISTIC-CARTOGRAPHIC METHODS. CASE STUDY – BOTOSANI COUNTY, ROMANIA

M. Cuciureanu, C. Iatu
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-19-3 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 3, 199-206 pp

ABSTRACT
The study aims at using statistic and cartographic methods in order to point out the
territorial disparities within an area. Therefore, the paper has as its main purpose the testing of two methods by using aggregated indicators in order to find out and compare the advantages / disadvantages of each of them. These indicators have the role of pointing out the economic, social and/or demographic vulnerability in an area, for a case study for Botosani County. Botosani County is a predominantly rural area, with 78 basic administrative units, of which 7 are urban and 71 are rural. This area presents several social, demographic and economic risks, requiring a detailed spatial analysis in order to identify the repulsive and developed territories. The classification of the vulnerable zones includes the demographic, economic and social aspect, as the specific indicators for these domains are interdependent (population, number of educated people, number of employed people, dynamics of the activities, quality of habitation etc). The analysis has the role of creating a study instrument from the perspective of the territorial development and its re-organization, as there are basic administrative units facing a high vulnerability, which requires a strategy for development and diminishing of the present risks.

Keywords: Romania, vulnerability, rural development, Botosani County, basic
administrative units (Local Administrative Units 2 – LAU 2).