DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B53/S21.024

FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN: THE ASPECTS OF LOGISTICS AND PACKAGING

A. Zvirbule-Berzina, A. Dobele, R. Rozentale
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-19-3 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 3, 175-182 pp

ABSTRACT
The food sector makes one of the greatest contributions to the gross domestic product of any country. So, according to data of the European Commission, the food and beverage industry is one of Europe’s most important and growing industries that involves more than 300 000 enterprises and 4 000 000 employees. In the Baltic States, too, after their accession to the European Union in 2004, food production, processing and marketing was one of the fastest growing sectors, in which a nonstop struggle for the end consumer takes place by offering better and more diverse products at the lowest possible prices. This, in its turn, motivates the industry to increase its supply chain efficiency in all its activities, including the use of packaging, which is an integral part of any product, by not only protecting, informing and encouraging but also by serving as part of the transport system. The mentioned aspects of the food sector are closely associated with the economic conditions of the food supply chain. These economic conditions – a high degree of differentiation of products, delivery systems, the need for increasing the stock turnover rate, production specialisation and centralisation, as well as marketing globalisation and demand seasonality – are nowadays only a few economic and logistical challenges in any supply chain. However, the food supply chain is a very important component of the global economy. Therefore, the research aim is to examine the roles of logistics and packaging in the global food supply chain. To achieve the aim, the following research tasks are set: 1) to summarise food supply chain guidelines and to describe the food supply chain’s role in logistics; 2) to highlight and identify the global aspect of food packaging in the food supply chain. To achieve the aim and perform the tasks, the following research methods were employed: the logical and constructive methods, the graphic method, the monographic method, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction and content analysis.

Keywords: food supply chain, logistics, packaging