DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B52/S20.099

THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AS AN ELEMENT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NORTH-EASTERN POLAND

S. Goraj, M. G. Goraj, M. Nowak
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-18-6 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 2, 751-758 pp

ABSRTACT
The natural environment is a very important element of sustainable development. High nature value is a factor that often contributes to conflict between users of space. In the process of social and economic development, efforts should be made to prevent the degradation of the natural environment. This paper characterizes the potential of the natural environment in line with the principles of sustainability in North-Eastern Poland covering the Region of Warmia and Mazury and the Region of Podlasie. The analyzed regions are characterized by a high degree of naturalness, diverse relief, an abundance of lakes, extensive forests and rich flora and fauna. With the exception of one constituent municipality, North-Eastern Poland is part of the area referred to as the Green Lungs of Poland, which covers the most attractive natural sites in the country. The ecosystems in North-Eastern Poland are recognized for their uniqueness not only in Poland, but also across Europe, and the Białowieża Forest has been designated a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. The main source of information for this analysis was the data supplied by the Central Statistical Office in Poland. The aim of this study was to identify areas with the most valuable natural sites and to propose directions towards sustainable development.

Keywords: natural environment, sustainable development, ecosystems, North-Eastern Poland.