DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B52/S20.095

THE FUNCTION OF WETLAND AND AQUATIC VEGETATION IN THE MINING LANDSCAPE OF THE UPPER SILESIA

Zaoralova M., Arnosova L., Cechakova K., Truchla M., Valova E., Stalmachova B.
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-18-6 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 2, 719-726 pp

ABSTRACT
Water in mining areas has amended the chemical composition or water are dirty. For solution these problems after mining are proposed remediation measures appropriate to manage all landscape changes. In the Upper of Silesia was developed due to mining subsidence basin drainless - aquifer subsidence trough. Mining subsidence reservoirs have increased salt content which adversely influence the biodiversity of fauna and flora in the affected areas. High salt content is also influence by dissolved substances. One way like reduce the salinity of mining subsidence through is use of phytoremediation due halophytes. Halophytes may reduce the salt content in the waste water due to the accumulation of salts in their tissues. In Upper Silesia was examined 10 mining subsidence trough. In mining subsidence reservoir was detected mainly their conductivity, ie. indicator of salinity. Here was conducted monitoring water and littoral vegetation and their possible effect on the conductivity of mining subsidence reservoir. During the monitoring has detected 115 littoral and 28 species of aquatic plants. Plants are able to reduce and gradually degrade chemical pollution caused by underground mining and secondary manifestations.

Keywords: mining subsidence through, wetlands, conductivity, salinity