DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B52/S20.070

PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS FOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN THE BAIKAL REGION, RUSSIA

S. Kirillov, N. Sedova,E. Vorobyevskaya, T. Zengina
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-18-6 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 2, 531-538 pp

ABSTRACT
In the Baikal region there is difficult environmental, economic and social situation
associated, on the one hand, with the protection of the Baikal natural territory, Lake
Baikal as the World Natural Heritage, and, on the other hand, with the need to conduct economic activity in the region. According to the legislation, the prospects for economic activity within the Baikal Region, most likely, can be linked to tourism, although on a limited scale. Special Economic Zone of tourist-and-recreational type (tourist recreational zone – TRZ ) “Baikal harbor” was formed in which connection possible influx of large numbers of tourists is expected [2]. Tourism development can contribute to the socio-economic development of the region, which has long been considered "depressed". Comprehensive studies of students and scientists of Lomonosov Moscow State University have been carried out for several years in the Baikal region of the Republic of Buryatia in the area of TRZ "Baikal harbor". The environmental, economic and social factors and preconditions for tourism development in the research area are considered in the article. Special attention is given to the historical and toponymic research which helps to study the history of human activity and contemporary nature management.

Keywords: tourism, economic activity, environmental situation, Baikal region, Lake
Baikal, Baikal natural territory.