DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B52/S20.062

OPTIONS AND TRENDS OF LAND CONSOLIDATION IN THE CZECH AND SLOVAK REPUBLICS, WITH REGARD TO COMMON HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF OWNERSHIP AND USAGE RIGHTS

K. Juskova, Z. Muchova,
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-18-6 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 2, 471-478 pp

ABSTRACT
This paper defines and compares the benefits of land consolidation (LC) projects in terms of land ownership fragmentation and also in terms of the landscape on the model of the Czech Republic (CR) and Slovak Republic (SR). There are two basic selected problems. The first is high ownership fragmentation, which is closely related to the limited availability of land, weakened protection of ownership rights, imperfect ownership registry, real inaccessibility of parcels from public field roads etc. The second issue is related to the condition of the rural landscape due to the large imbalance between ecologically stable and unstable surfaces. This imbalance causes higher rates of local flooding, wind throw disasters, high water erosion, irreversible loss of good agricultural land, silting of streams, repeated building damage etc. Next, this paper presents the basic characteristics of ownership in the Czech and Slovak Republics (e.g. average number of co-owners per one plot, number of plots, number of proprietary relations) and compares selected values that represent landscape conditions (e.g. level of water erosion). We start from the basic common historical landmarks that have affected ownership fragmentation and inconsistency between proprietary relations and the present relations of use. Detailed analysis of methodology procedures for land consolidation is performed. Then we compare the input and output data from two completed projects (on the CR and SR). The specific values before and after the design of land consolidation are compared. For example, the portrayal of property, number of plots, number of owners, average size of plot, length of field roads, area of erosion control, water management, ecological stability measures and other issues. The aim of this paper is to highlight the overall strategy of land consolidation, explain the basic principles of design of projects in both countries and provide a foundation for improvement in future coordination, stability and effectiveness in land consolidation.

Keywords: land consolidation, ownership, fragmentation, condition of rural landscape, rural development, common facilities, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, comparison