DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B52/S20.003


M. Jakubiak
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-18-6 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 2, 17-24 pp

In the second half of the twentieth century the problems related to waste disposal have become a serious civilization challenge. Economic and technical development led to increased production of waste. The most important objective of the Waste Framework Directive (Directive 2008/98/EC on waste) is to break the link between economic growth and waste generation. The principles of sustainable development and the European Union regulations for sustainable waste management are the main guidelines for municipal waste management policy in Poland. According to the Directive, sustainable treatment of waste must follow the hierarchy which is listed in order of priority: prevention, preparing for reuse, recycling, other recovery e.g. energy recovery and disposal. A number of reforms were introduced in Poland according to the EU guidelines. New regulations organizing a new waste management system in the country were introduced in 2013. The local governments were responsible for the implementation of the new policy. Also, the local government of the city of Krakow had to reform municipal waste management. The paper presents issues related to the municipal waste management in Krakow. Analysis presented in the article shows municipal waste collection system and main installations for the waste management and processing. Installations for composting biodegradable waste, segregation of recyclable materials, alternative fuel processing and waste storage in the landfill are described as well as the municipal waste incineration plant - the largest of the investments in the municipal waste management.

Keywords: sustainable waste management, municipal waste, Krakow, recycling, waste processing