DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B51/S20.108

UPPER HUNGARIAN MINING ROUTE

P. Rybar, M. Molokac, L. Hvizdak, L. Strba, J. Bohm
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-17-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 1, 793-798 pp

ABSTRACT
Defining Upper Hungarian Mining Route as cultural industrial mining route is the result of Hungary - Slovakia cross-border project solved at two universities in Slovakia and Hungary. Cultural route offers tourists a trip inside the area, which was a source of fabulous wealth of Hungarian kings in the Middle Ages. Mining activity in Upper Hungary started in the 12th century and significantly developed with settlement of German miners after the Tartar invasion in 1241. Most important mining towns in Upper Hungary (nowadays predominantly Eastern Slovakia) were Gelnica, Smolnik, Jasov, Rožňava, Spišská Nová Ves, Telkibánya and Rudabánya . These seven mining towns, which were granted royal privileges, established the Association of Upper Hungarian Mining Towns. They had self -government and earlier constituted a type of association with own mining law. Defined Upper Hungarian Mining Route passes two states (Slovakia and Hungary) and offers rich mining and cultural heritage experiences present in Mediaval mining towns, along with the beauty of the Western Carpathians through which it passes.

Keywords: Upper Hungarian Mining Route, Mining, Upper Hungarian Mining towns,
history of mining, Middle Ages, Medieval salt route, Association of Upper Hungarian Mining Towns