DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B51/S20.104

THE REMOVAL OF OIL SUBSTANCES USING LABORATORY PREPARED ABSORPTION BOOMS

A. Trapl, S. Heviankova, L. Simkova
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-17-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 1, 763-770 pp

ABSTRACT
The article deals with the removal of oil substances from the water surface and solid surface by means of laboratory-prepared sorbents in the form of booms. The shell or the surface of the boom is made of hydrophobic polypropylene fabric, produced using the meltblown technology; the filling is a hydrophobic sorbent, made of ash from combusting plant biomass, polyurethane foam and hydrophobic agent, which was developed at the Institute of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Geology at VŠB-Technical University in Ostrava. The sorption capacity of the prepared sorbent was compared with the sorption capacity of a conventional, commercial sorbent on peat base. In the course of the experiments the sorption capacity in the removal of diesel oil, engine oil and petrol was observed. One sorption boom, which is 23cm in length, 12cm in diameter and weighs 120g, absorbed about 400ml of diesel oil and 385ml of petrol from the water surface; and from the solid surface it was 485ml of diesel oil and 530ml of petrol. However, the boom’s capacity to absorb engine oil was not satisfactory. The sorption capacity of all tested sorbents was analogous.

Keywords: oil substances, water surface, solid surface, absorption boom, polyurethane foam, biomass ash