DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B51/S20.098

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT PRACTICE IN SLOVAKIA

M. Zelenakova, L. Zvijakova
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-17-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 1, 719-726 pp

ABSTRACT
Environmental impact assessment (EIA) was first introduced in Slovakia based on the Environment Law of 1992. The practice in EIA started developing shortly after he Law No. 127/1994 Coll. came into force. The first group of experts was certified as being EIA/SEA professionally qualified persons. Subsequently, EIA processes have been strengthened by Ministry of Environment through a series of amendments. The current practice adheres to EIA Law No. 408/2011 Coll. and its amendments. In the paper the views of professional qualified persons are examined closely, using a questionnaire survey. The objective of this study was to assess the potential for improving the effectiveness of EIA in Slovakia, and finally the main weak points are disclosed and recommendations for improvement presented. Data from the questionnaires are analysed to find information relating to current EIA practice and the future for EIA. The results of this research suggest that the use of new legislation should be extended in Slovakia in order to improve EIA effectiveness.

Keywords: environmental impact assessment, Slovakia, effectiveness, legislation.