DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B51/S20.057

LOCAL SPECIFICITY IN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT - END-POINT LOCAL EVALUATION INDICATORS

K. Pikon, M. Bogacka
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-17-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 1, 421-428 pp

ABSTRACT
The LCA is regarded as fundamental approach for environmental impact analysis.
Usually it refers to different impact categories which are defined in various methods in different way but usually are related to end-point damage categories - like resource depletion, human health, ecological quality and climate change. Unfortunately evaluation process doesn’t include local specificity of the terrain effected by the negative impact from the system under analyze. Generally impact categories could be divided into two major groups – which could be called local and global. The most important local-type impact categories are human health, acidification and eutrophication. The new approach proposed in the manuscript is based on the assumption that local type categories should include vulnerability of terrain affected. Methodology of description of sensitivity of the particular area in different impact categories is described in the manuscript. The additional indicator – which enriches standard LCA methodology – is defined. It is a measure of the quality of the selection of the location of the system in relation to the average reference areas. In the decision-making process it could therefore play a significant role. The proposed indicator can be calculated for all local type impact categories.

Keywords: environmental impact, LCA