DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B51/S20.043


C. A. Iulian, S. Vitalie
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-17-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 1, 315-322 pp

Tourism is a permanent activity of modern man, with implications at many levels
(natural, economic, social-cultural and political. The article illustrates a geographical approach to the tourism phenomenon, with an emphasis on aspects of the tourism potential of a territory. From an economic perspective, the main components of tourism are tourism potential, workforce involved, tourism infrastructure, facilities and equipment manufacturing, tourism services, tourist consumption goods and organizational touristic structures. The tourism potential of a territory implies all natural and anthropogenic elements, which may make the subject of tourist attractions. From a geographical point of view, the notion of tourism offer refers to the planned tourism potential transformed into tourism product. Tourism planning is a dynamic and complex process of scientific organization of the touristic site (design of new tourist facilities, refurbishment of the existing ones, their increasing or reducing according to the tourism demand) and the economic viability of the tourism activity, by taking into account the relationships between the environment and human communities, as well as the factors influencing these relationships. Tourism potential of a territory assumes a complex tourism infrastructure, diversified, consisting of public and private companies to effectively organize tourist market. Comparative analysis of two areas - Bistrita Valley and Republic of Moldova - illustrates the existence of a rich and diverse heritage tourism, but insufficiently capitalized in terms of tourism. In this context, for a better capitalization of tourism of these regions, is necessary diversification and modernization of accommodation and recreation, transport infrastructure and tourism products based on current tourists demands. The conclusions of this comparative study aims to sharing information and experiences of good practice relating to the exploiting opportunities of the potential of tourism, to boost cooperation in tourism decision makers, through the development of common touristic programs.

Keywords: tourism potential, protected natural area, tourism product, tourism
infrastructure, tourism planning, tourism recovery