DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B51/S20.042


V. Cech, J. Krokusova, E. Michaeli, D. Fazekasova
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-17-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 1, 307-314 pp

The region of Central Spiš in Slovakia is the area of several contrasts from the
ecological and geographical point of view. On the one hand, there are varied and
appropriate natural conditions and there are also deposits of minerals that influenced the development of mining and metallurgical industry. On the other hand, the long-time impact of these anthropogenic activities had and nowadays still has a negative impact on the all components of environment and on the health of the people living in this region; as a result, this region belongs among the 9 most environmentally loadedpolluted regions of Slovakia. Even though this region is so anthropogenic influenced and degraded, it is still possible, because of the variety of natural conditions, to find localities that have appropriate criteria for insertion to the national network of the protected areas as well as to the network of the programme NATURA 2000. The aim of this article is to characterize geoecological structure of this area through the classification of geoecological types of the landscape. The main criteria for the classification are geological and geomorfological conditions of the area in a relation to the soil and climatic conditions. Knowing of the spatial differentiation of geoecological types of the landscape is important because of the reconstruction of geoecological structure of the area that is markedly anthropogenic affected, changed and degraded in the most of the area. In the particular geoecological types of landscape, we also evaluate the occurrence of special protected territories that should be the basis of ecological stability in this environmentally loaded area.

Keywords: geoecological typification, Central Spiš, protected area, environmental loading