DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B51/S20.031

ECOLOGICAL CORRIDORS AND SPATIAL ORGANIZATION FOR PROTECTED AREAS OF THE SMALL CAUCASUS, GEORGIA

L. Matchavariani, N. Jamaspashvili, L. Beruchashvili, N. Beruchashvili, N. Paichadze
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-17-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 1, 221-228 pp

ABSTRACT
Establishment a system of protected areas is very important direction in addressing of problem conservation the landscape biodiversity and in general, of the integrity of ecosystems. Great attention is paid to ecological corridors, which in a unified system organize a network of protected areas. The paper considers problems and methods of conservation geography, which allowed the development of potentially possible route of ecological corridors in Central part of Lesser Caucasus. The conducted landscape analysis made it possible to identify the unique landscapes, because of their location at the limits of its location. Through this approach the network of ecological corridors was proposed linking the East and West Georgia. This network has three main branches. An important aspect for their identification is the analysis of existing barriers to wildlife corridors. Among the barriers contributing to the isolation of individual populations include natural barriers and barriers created as a result of human activities. GIS analysis of the territory shows geographical barriers, buffer zones around settlements, roads, etc. The question of ecological corridors can become particularly relevant in establishing of transboundary protected areas, i.e. common to neighboring countries, such as protected areas shared between Georgia–Russia, Georgia–zerbaijan, Georgia–Turkey, Georgia–Armenia. Biological and landscape diversity – one of the most important potential riches of Georgia, the conservation and rational use of which can bring considerable economic benefits.

Keywords: Protected Areas, Ecological Corridors, Conservation Geography, Landscape Diversity, Small Caucasus