DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B51/S20.028

DIVERSITY OF GRASSLANDS IN CONDITION OF SUSTAINABLE LAND USE

Z. Boguska, D. Fazekasova, M. Ivanova, G. Barancikova
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-17-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 1, 201-206 pp

ABSTRACT
The basic principle of the philosophy of sustainable land use is its protection against any degradation of natural and human-induced impacts. Survey on the current state and changes in biodiversity, habitats of endangered and protected species of plants and animals as well as changes in landscape ecological stability are also important part of evaluation of the agricultural landscape. Ecological stability increases with increasing diversity of ecosystem and species. Higher biodiversity leads to interspecific interactions, enabling more effective self-regulation of population dynamics of different ecosystem populations. Grasslands are essential for the maintenance of the diversity. They belong to the biologically most active and most productive plant communities with rapid exchange cycle and with high ability to move chemical elements in the biosphere. They represent mostly poly-dominant phytocenosis. Over the growing seasons of 2010 – 2013, grassland was monitored at grasslands’ in the cadaster of Liptov Teplička (48° 57’ N; 20° 05’ E), where ecological farming system on the land is applied. The aim of this work was based on the results of field research to assess the diversity of vascular flora of grasslands. Diversity of flora was assessed by Shannon index H´ and Equatibility index. Grasslands in area of environmental management were by diversity index species varied and balanced rich. Species diversity during the reporting period did not change significantly. Dominated by families Rosaceae, Poaceae, Asteraceae.

Keywords: grassland, flora, index species