DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B51/S20.024

DEFORESTATIONS IMPACT ON EXTREME HYDROLOGICAL PHENOMENON

M. A. Sandu, A. Virsta, N. Petrescu, P. Mocanu, V. Ivanescu
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-17-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 1, 177-182 pp

ABSTRACT
The aim of this paper is to analyze the interactions between the forest and local and regional climate changes on Romanian territory. This is a present-day concept which has deep roots in the past. The main roles of the forest are recognized and appreciated at a large scale. Forests provide excellent soil protection by maintaining high rates of evapotranspiration, interception and infiltration and generate only small quantities of runoff. If the forest can provide resources as timber, fuel, fruits, in terms of environmental protection the forests has an important role in keeping the biodiversity, consumption of CO2 and temperatures control. The forested belt in the neighborhood of agricultural land has direct effect on leaching nutrients consumption. At the beginning of 19th century, the forests covered about 60% of Romanian territory while in present days this surface decreased to about 27%. Deforestations have an important effect on the peak values of the hydrological cycle, droughts, heavy rains and storms. As a response to these natural phenomena, the forested surface reduces continuously. This could be an ever-changing-never-ending chain which has to be broken down. Romanian people consider the forest as a valuable natural resource, as a true splendor of the country. The forests assured the survival of the first communities and numerous citadels and monasteries were built in the forest as a protective measure.

Keywords: Climate Change, Deforestation, Impact