DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B51/S20.008

ASSESSING INVASIVE TERRESTRIAL PLANT SPECIES IN THE MURES FLOODPLAIN NATURAL PARK. ROMANIA

I. Grigorescu, M. Dumitrascu, G. Kucsicsa, M. Doroftei, C. S. Dragota, M. Nastase
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-17-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 5, Vol. 1, 51-58 pp

ABSTRACT
The Mureş Floodplain Natural Park is a natural protected area located in the western part of Romania in the Panonic biogeographical region. It is a typical wetland ecosystem hosting riparian habitats with plant and animal species of great scientific value. The park falls into V IUCN category, also designated as RAMSAR and Natura 2000 sites. The paper is focusing on some of the most damaging Invasive Terrestrial Plant Species – ITPS (Amorpha fruticosa, Acer negundo and Fallopia japonica) ranked among the most disturbing species in Europe, as they penetrate into natural vegetation irreversibly changing its structure, in relation to the main driving factors of change. The authors also related relevant biological indicators (abundance, frequency, coverage and ecological significance) with the most important natural (climate, hydrology, soil etc.) and humaninduced (transport network, built-up areas etc.) driving forces in order to identify species occurrence and spread. The research was undertaken in the framework of the EU FP7 – Building Capacity for Black Sea Catchment Observation and Assessment System supporting Sustainable Development (EnviroGRIDS).

Keywords: Invasive Terrestrial Plant Species (ITPS), Romanian protected areas, biological indicators, Mureş Floodplain Natural Park