DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B42/S19.068

STUDIES ON CLIMATE VARIABILITY IN THE ARBIL AREA, IRAQ

E. CONSTANTIN, K. KADIR, C. Dragomir, F. MARACINEANU
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-16-2 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 4 ,Vol. 2, 517-522 pp

ABSTRACT
Climate variability manifest on the entire planet poses a real threat to the existence of
humankind, resulting in in-depth studies aimed to find mitigation solutions. For this
purpose, the findings presented in this article refer to a geographic area where rainfall
variability and air temperature were studied by calculating several climate indices (de
Martonne, Lang, and de Martonne-Gotman) on ten-year successive intervals, between
1980 and 2008. In the Arbil area, Iraq, there is a decreasing trend in the annual rainfalls
and variability recorded each year, particularly over the last decade. Climate indices and
the frequency of certain climate phenomena show that the climate evolves towards
aridity in this area.

Keywords: climate changes, climate indices, aridity index, geographic latitude,
geographic longitude