DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B42/S19.056

LUNGS VITAL CAPACITY OF THE STUDENT’S GROUP-AGE 17-18 YEARS, IN MITROVICA AND DRAGASH, KOSOVO

K. Bislimi, A. Behluli, F. Osmani, I. Mazreku, I. Demaj, H. Bojniku and F. Halili
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-16-2 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 4 ,Vol. 2, 431-436 pp

ABSTRACT
This research aimed to evaluate the effect of industrial and traffic pollution in the lungs vital capacity of the students’ ages 17-18 years. The implication of gender and body surface area in student’s lung vital capacity, were also investigated. In this research were included 360 students of both sexes from the Mitrovica and Dragash urban centers. Mitrovica city considered as a locality with varying degrees of urban and traffic pollution, while Dragash is a locality unaffected by these pollution forms. The research results show that students who attend school in the city of Mitrovica, had a lung vital capacity significantly lower, compared to their peers from Dragash city (P<0.01), despite the fact that students from Mitrovica had higher body surface area (1.83 m2 for males and 1.58 m2 for females) compared to the students from Dragash (1.75 m2 for males and 1.55 m2 for the females). To measure the lung vital capacity the spirometry method was used the type of Harvard spirometer 9000 ml respectively. While body surface area, was calculated using Dubois formula, from the body weight and body height. Statistical calculations of the results were done by various statistical software’s, such as ANOVA and Student t-test. From the results of this research could be concluded that changes in respiratory parameters, lung vital capacity respectively, are a suitable indicator to assess the impact of pollution on human health.

Keywords: Vital capacity, lung, spirometer, students, pollution