DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B42/S19.053

IMPACT OF TRANSPORT ON AIR QUALITY IN GJILAN TOWN OF KOSOVO– PARTICULATE MATTERS

F. Shala , R. Hajdari, L. Latifi, H. Demolli, S. Shala
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-16-2 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 4 ,Vol. 2, 407-414 pp

ABSTRACT
Kosovo has an area of 10908 km², with a network of 2,005 km road, and around 211300
vehicles in circulation. Most of these vehicles are older than 10 years, and do not meet
the air emission technical requirements. Given the technical conditions of vehicles in
use, the conditions of the road infrastructure, and the level of use of vehicles in traffic, the air quality in Kosovo is significantly affected. This paper presents results of measurements and analysis of the particulate matters (PM) in ambient air in Gjilan town of Kosovo. The actual level of PM in Gjilan town is compared with standards (limit values) of EU Directive 2008/50/EC; and with Kosovo national regulation 02/2011 on limit values and air quality standards. Measurements are made using the automatic GRIMM analyzer. The Analyzer is placed in the proper location, near the main road in order to register the impact of traffic on PM concentration in the air, and to avoid recording the emission from other sources. Measurements included period 01 July 2013 - 31 March 2014, both summer and winter seasons. A comparison between the two seasons was conducted to calculate the impact of other factors in the concentration of PM in ambient air. From this research is evidenced that the PM annual average value during 2013 achieved 70.9 ug/m3. The transport sector is considered to be the main emitter of primary PM, namely motor vehicles such as cars, trucks, and buses which emit direct PM from their tailpipes, as well as from normal brake and tire wear. This paper concludes that transport is a very high contributor of the air pollution in Gjilan town, which directly affects human health, since the gases emitted from transport are very close to recipient (humans). Exposure to PM causes a series of significant health problems, including aggravated asthma, chronic bronchitis, decreased lung function, and premature death

Keywords: Particulate matters, transport impact, air quality, monthly average, annual average